Sleep apnea and Sypmtoms and Its Treatments

A potentially dangerous sleep disorder called sleep apnea is characterised by frequent breathing pauses. If you snore loudly and feel weary even after a full night’s sleep, you may have sleep apnea.

The most typical forms of sleep apnea are as follows:

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the most common kind, occurs when the muscles in the neck relax and block the airway to the lungs.

A condition known as central sleep apnea (CSA) occurs when the brain fails to provide the proper signals to the muscles that control breathing.

A patient with OSA (as confirmed by a sleep study) who develops CSA while receiving OSA treatment is said to have treatment-emergent central sleep apnea, also known as complex sleep apnea. Sleep apnea can be treated with Artivigil 150.


It might be difficult to distinguish between obstructive and central sleep apneas since their symptoms overlap.

The following are the most typical signs of central and obstructive sleep apneas:

Snoring is audible.

Instances of you stopping breathing while you sleep, as described by a third party.

I cried out for air all through the night.

I had a really dry mouth when I woke up.

Headaches in the morning are typical.

Being unable to stay asleep is known as insomnia.

Hypersomnia is the medical term for excessive daytime sleepiness.

Being unable to concentrate while awake.



As the muscles in the back of the throat relax, this type of sleep apnea develops.

The soft palate, uvula, tonsils, side walls of the throat, tongue, and a triangle-shaped piece of tissue hanging from the soft palate are all supported by these muscles.

Your airway closes or narrows as you inhale as your muscles relax. You are not breathing enough, which may cause your blood oxygen level to fall. Your brain briefly awakens you when it detects that you are having trouble breathing so you can reopen your airway. Usually, this waking happens in a situation when 150 people are receiving therapy.

The risks of sleep apnea

Anybody, including both toddlers and adults, can develop sleep apnea. But, several factors can make you more at risk. Contributing Causes for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) The probability of acquiring OSA can be increased by the following factors:

Weight. The risk of OSA is greatly increased by obesity. The buildup of fat in the upper airway may make breathing difficult. Measurement of the neck’s circumference. A smaller airway may be present in those with larger necks. airway that is narrowed. You might have had a narrow throat from birth. Particularly in kids, swollen tonsils and adenoids can block the airway.o be a man Men get sleep apnea two to three times as frequently than women. Women, however, are more vulnerable if they are overweight or have gone through menopause. advancing years The prevalence of sleep apnea is significantly higher in the elderly. a family tree A sleep apnea family history may increase your risk. There is the usage of alcohol, sedatives, or tranquillizers. Some drugs can make obstructive sleep apnea worse by calming the muscles in the throat.

Smoking. Obstructive sleep apnea is three times a common in smokers than in non-smokers. Inflammation of the upper airways and fluid retention are both caused by smoking.

Nasal passage congestion. Obstructive sleep apnea is more likely to occur if you have problems breathing through your nose because of anatomical abnormalities or allergies.

A medical condition. Obstructive sleep apnea may be more likely to occur if you have conditions like congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, or type 2 diabetes. Polycystic ovarian syndrome, hormonal issues, a history of stroke, and persistent lung conditions like asthma can all raise the risk.

Central snoring

Risk factors exist for this type of obstructive sleep apnea, including:

Advancing years Central sleep apnea is more common in people between the ages of 40 and 50.

To be a man Men are more prone than females to experience central sleep apnea.

Heart problems. Congestive heart failure raises the risk.

Using drugs to treat pain. Central sleep apnea risk is increased by long-acting opioids like methadone.

Stroke. Following a stroke, there is a higher probability of developing central sleep apnea.

Impacts of sleep apnea

A potentially dangerous medical issue is sleep apnea. OSA issues could include:

Fatigue during the day. Restorative sleep is impossible due to sleep apnea’s frequent awakenings, which causes excessive daytime drowsiness, exhaustion, and irritability. While working, watching television, or driving, you can have trouble staying awake and fall asleep. Auto and workplace accidents are more likely to happen to people with sleep apnea.

You might also be angry, depressed, or melancholy. Academic and behavioural challenges can occur in kids and teenagers with sleep apnea.

Problems involving the heart or high blood pressure. OSA causes sudden drops in blood oxygen levels, which raise blood pressure and put the cardiovascular system under strain. The probability of developing hypertension, or high blood pressure, is increased by OSA.

A second heart attack, a stroke, or abnormal heartbeats like atrial fibrillation may all be made more likely by OSA. Several episodes of low blood oxygen (hypoxia or hypoxemia) in a person with heart disease might result in sudden death from an erratic heartbeat.

insulin-dependent type II diabetes Type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance are made more likely by sleep apnea.

Systemic metabolic syndrome. A increasing waist circumference, excessive blood sugar, high blood pressure, and abnormal cholesterol levels are all signs of this condition, which has been linked to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

Complications brought on by treatments and operations. Some drugs and general anaesthesia can both contribute to obstructive sleep apnea. Those with sleep apnea may be especially susceptible to issues after major surgery because of their predisposition to breathing problems when sedated and laying on their backs. You should let your surgeon know about your sleep apnea and current treatment plan before having surgery.

Liver-related problems Patients with sleep apnea are more likely to have abnormal liver function test results and to develop non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which is marked by liver scarring. Obstructive snoring

A potentially dangerous sleep disorder called sleep apnea is characterised by frequent breathing pauses. If you snore loudly and feel weary even after a full night’s sleep, you may have sleep apnea.

The following are the most typical forms of sleep apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which occurs when the neck muscles relax and restrict the airflow to the lungs, is the most common type. A condition known as central sleep apnea (CSA) occurs when the brain fails to provide the proper signals to the muscles that control breathing.

When a person with OSA (as identified by a sleep study) develops CSA while receiving treatment for OSA, this condition is known as treatment-emergent CSA.

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